B, T, X, Y production with coupling to first, second or third generation SM quarks¶
Khadeejah Bepari, Andy Buckley, Jack Burton, Jon Butterworth, Louie Corpe, Dan Ping (Joanna) Huang, Puwen Sun, Ben Waugh
Vector-Like quarks (VLQ) are hypothetical coloured, non-chiral, spin-1/2 particles. While fourth-generation quarks with chiral couplings are in general excluded by measurements at the LHC and elsewhere , vector-like quarks are not, and remain the simplest example of coloured fermions not yet excluded by data . VLQs occur in several non-supersymmetric theories beyond-the-standard model that propose solutions to the hierarchy problem, offering mechanisms by which the Higgs mass is stabilised . New sources of CP violation can also be introduced by these new particles .
The main results are in an extensive study of these models using Contur 1.2.2/Rivet 3.1.1 carried out in 2020  (AB,JMB,LC,DH,PS) using a generic model from Buchkremer et al , where the four VLQ states X, T, B and Y are added as new coloured spin-1/2 objects to the SM, embedded in complete \(SU(2)_L\) representations.
The model files and example Herwig steering file are available in the VLQ_UFO directory here .
Initial studies were carried out by KB and JB, supervised by JMB, DH and BW, as UCL final year undergraduate projects.